Chaetodon capistratus

Super Group: 
Opisthokonta
Phylum: 
Chordata
Sub-Phylum: 
Vertebrata
Class: 
Actinopteri
Order: 
Perciformes
Sub-Order: 
Percoidei
Family: 
Chaetodontidae
Genus: 
Chaetodon
Species: 
capistratus
Authority: 
Linnaeus 1758
Synonym(s): 
Angelichthys isabelita (Jordan & Rutter 1898)
Chaetodon bricei (Smith 1898)

Diagnosis

Diagnosis_Genus: Chaetodon Linnaeus. Caput: Dentes setacei, flexiles, confertissimi, numerosissimi. Membr. branch. radiis VI. Corpus pictum. Pinna dorsianique carnosa squamofa.
Diagnosis_Species: Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus. C. spinis pinnae dorsalis I2, corpore striato, ocello subcaudali. Mus. Ad. Fr. I. p. 63. t. 33. f. 4. Chaetodon pallidus, fascia capitis ocelloque subcaudali fuscis. D. I/3 2/2. P. I4. V. I/6. A. 3/2I. C. I8. Gron. mus. 2. n. 195. Chaet. macrolepidotus, linea nigra ad oculo, macula rotunda ad pinnam dorsalem. D. I/3 2/6. P. -- V. I/6. A. 2/I8. C.-- Amoen. Acad. I. p. 314. Labrus rostro reflexo, ocello purpureo iride alba juxta caudam. D. I/3 3/I. P. I4. V. I/6. A. 3/I7. C. -- Habitat in Indiis.
Body_adults_length: 7-15 cm
Body_adults_length_mean: 12 cm
Body_juveniles_length: < 9 cm
Body_eggs_length: 0.76-0.766 mm (Colin, 1989)

Etymology

The name of the genus Chaetodon comes from the Greek “chaite” = hair and “odous” = tooth, doe to the “bristle-shaped teeth”

Type species

The type species of the genus Chaetodon is Chaetodon capistratus (Linnaeus 1758) (Animalbase).

Type illustration / Type locality / Type specimen

Type locality: Indiis, western Atlantic (Fishwisepro)
Type specimen: BMNH 1853.11.12.68 (Fishwisepro)

Ecology

Chaetodon capistratus lives in tropical northwestern Atlantic, where it ranges from the Carolinas (USA) to Venezuela.

Substrate: water
Oxygen_level: oxic
Sociability_adults: solitary
Salinity: marine
Depth: 2-20 m
Depth_eggs: pelagic
pH: 8-8.5
Temperature: 24-30°C
Habitat: coastal
 

Life cycle

Spawning occurred during much of the lunar month from February to April and it is uncertain whether any lunar periodicity to spawning exists (Colin, 1989).
No sexual dimorphisme.
Longevity: more than 3 years

Reproduction_mode: sexual
Spawning_method: external fertilization in the water column
Fertility_period: seasonal (during spring)
Fecondity_number_of_eggs_per_adult: 3000 to 4000 eggs

Feeding behaviour

Omnivorous

Mode of locomotion

Motility: motile_swimming

Observation site(s)

SYMBIONTS

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Association with... Region origin Name of site In reference...
Amyloodinium ocellatum Aquarium Zoological Society of London

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