Brandtodinium nutricula

Super Group: 
Alveolata
Phylum: 
Dinophyta
Sub-Phylum: 
Dinophyta
Class: 
Dinophyceae
Order: 
Peridiniales
Family: 
Thoracosphaeraceae
Genus: 
Brandtodinium
Species: 
nutricula
Authority: 
Probert et Siano 2014
Synonym(s): 
Zooxanthella nutricula, Brandt
Endodinium nutricula, Hollande et Carré
Scrippsiella nutricula, Banaszak, Iglesias-Prieto et Trench

Diagnosis

Diagnosis_Genus: Probert et Siano. Photosynthetic dinoflagellate. Motile cells covered by 6 series of thecal plates: 3 in the epitheca, 2 in the hypotheca (including single antapical plate), and 1 in the cingulum. One transverse and one longitudinal flagellum. Large nucleus located in central part of cell. One or two peripheral chloroplasts, golden-yellow in color. One or two large circular pyrenoids.

Diagnosis_Species: Probert et Siano. Plate tabulation: Po, X, 40, 3a, 7″, 5c, 4s, 5‴, 1″″. Epitheca larger than hypotheca. Epitheca convex conical with well-pronounced apical horn. Hypotheca rounded. Wide and shallow cingulum located in the median portion of the cell, displaced by a small fraction of its own width. Sulcal area with 4 plates, one of which forms a wing-like flange over the median part of the sulcus. Single antapical plate. Cells on average 13.1 lm in length by 10.4 lm in width. Symbiont of polycystine radiolarians.

Body_length: 10.5-15 µm
Body_wide: 9.1-11.2 µm

Etymology

name Brandtodinium : the genus name for this dinoflagellate (= dinos) derives from Karl Brandt who first described Zooxanthella in 1882.

Type species

This is the type species of the genus.

Ecology

Substrate: planktonic (one line per case)
Sociability: solitary
Salinity: marine
 

Life cycle

Generation: <1 month
Reproduction_mode: asexual
Symbiont: horizontal

Feeding behaviour

Photosynthetic

Mode of locomotion

Two flagella typical for Dinophyceae

Observation site(s)

HOSTS

Displaying 1 - 8 of 8
Association with... Region origin Name of site In reference...
Collozoum inerme Western basin Villefranche-sur-mer
Brandt K (1881) Uber das Zusammenleben von Thieren und Algen. In: Monatsberichte der Koniglish preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.
Collozoum inerme Western basin Villefranche-sur-mer
Collozoum sp. Asia Sesoko
Collozoum sp. Villefranche Bay Villefranche-sur-mer
Thalassicolla nucleata San Pedro Channel
Thalassicolla nucleata Sargasso Sea
Spongostaurus sp.
Thalassolampe margarodes

ASQME static network (beta)

ASQME dynamic network (beta)

ASQME map (beta)