Amphiprion ephippium

Super Group: 
Opisthokonta
Phylum: 
Chordata
Sub-Phylum: 
Vertebrata
Class: 
Actinopteri
Order: 
Perciformes
Sub-Order: 
Labroidei
Family: 
Pomacentridae
Genus: 
Amphiprion
Species: 
ephippium
Authority: 
Bloch 1790
Synonym(s): 
Amphiprion calliops (Schultz 1966)
Lutjanus ephippium (Bloch 1790)

Diagnosis

Diagnosis_Genus: Amphiprion Bloch & Schneider. i.e. utrinque serratus. Operculorum folia (laminae) anteriora et posteriora serrata.
Diagnosis_Species: Lutjanus ephippium Bloch. Beide Kiemendeckel gezähnelt. K.6, Br. I9, B. I/6, A. 2/I6, S. I6, R. 10/26
Lutjanus operculis ferratis . B. VI, P. XIX, V. I/VI, A. II/XVI, C. XVI, D. X/XXVI
Prochilus, ovatae figurae; macula fufca magna, ad inftar aulaeorum ephippii e dorfo dependente; fquamulis laevigatis. Klein. Miff. Pfc. V. pag. 60. n.I. tab. 12. fig I. Chaetodon albefcens, ad dorfum nigricans; laminis operculorum ferratis. Seb. Thes. III. pag. 77. n. 25. tab. 26. fig. 25. Das Butzmaul, von eyförmiger Geftalt u.f.w. N. Schaupl. d. Nat. Th. I. S. 1043. n.I.

Red saddleback anemonefish. Maximum total length about 11 cm. Coral reefs of lagoons and seaward reefs to depths of at least 12 m. Associated with the large anemones; frequently an adult pair and several smaller fish with each anemone. Feeds on zooplankton, small benthic invertebrates, and algae. Used as an aquarium fish; caught with hand nets. Andaman and Nicobar islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, and Java.

Body_adults_length_mean: 10-14 cm
Body_egg_length: 2-3 mm
Body_egg_wide: 1 mm

Etymology

The name of the genus “amphiprion” comes from the Greek “amphi” = “on both sides” and “priön” = saw, because on both sides of the head the preoperculum and the suboperculum show an indentation shaped like a saw.
The name of the species “ephippium” comes from the Greek “efippion” = saddle, due to the dark drawing, saddle-shaped, it has on the sides.

Type species

The type species of the genus Amphiprion is Lutjanus ephippium (Bloch 1790) (Fishwisepro)

Type illustration / Type locality / Type specimen

Type locality: Tranquebar, India.

Ecology

Amphiprion ephippium lives in Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, and Java and Sumatra in Indonesia (Fishbase).
Substrate: water
Salinity: marine
pH: 7.8-8.5
Temperature: 24-28°C
Depth: 2-15 m
Habitat: coastal
Depth_eggs: demersal
Oxygen_level: oxic

Life cycle

Amphiprion ephippium is a non migratory species (Fishbase).
Amphiprion ephippium is sexual dimorphic: females are larger than male.
Longevity: 16 years (Fishbase)
Generation_time: 8-18 months
Reproduction_mode: sexual_hermaphrodite_protandrous (oviparous)
Spawning_method: external fertilization in the water column

Feeding behaviour

Omnivorous

Mode of locomotion

Motility: motile_swimming

Observation site(s)

SYMBIONTS

Displaying 1 - 1 of 1
Association with... Region origin Name of site In reference...
Amyloodinium ocellatum Aquarium Zoological Society of London

ASQME static network (beta)

ASQME dynamic network (beta)

ASQME map (beta)